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Easter, also known as Pascha and Resurrection Sunday, is a Christian holiday that joyfully commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ. This significant occasion marks the culmination of Lent, a 40-day period dedicated to fasting and penance. Falling three days after Jesus's crucifixion on Good Friday, Easter serves as the concluding event in the series of holidays known as the "Passion of Christ."

Easter holds widespread appeal, attracting travel and gatherings with friends and family, as it coincides with holidays for many non-Christians. The term "Easter" finds its origins in the Middle English word "Ester," derived from the Old English word "ēastre," which may trace its roots to Ēastre, a proposed Anglo-Saxon goddess associated with dawn.

The date of Easter varies each year, consistently falling on a Sunday between March 22 and April 25 in western Christianity. In the northern hemisphere, where Easter aligns with the spring season, the holiday is symbolically linked to images of new life. Bunnies, chicks, and eggs serve as representations of "new life and fertility during the springtime.".

Origins and Significance

  1. Biblical Basis: Easter marks the resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his crucifixion by the Romans, as described in the New Testament Gospels.
  2. Theological Importance: It signifies the victory of Jesus over death and sin, offering believers the hope of eternal life. It is the cornerstone of Christian faith.
  3. Historical Origins: The celebration of Easter dates back to the early Christians, who observed it in conjunction with the Jewish festival of Passover.

Holy Week

Easter is preceded by Holy Week, which includes:

  1. Palm Sunday: Commemorates Jesus’ triumphant entry into Jerusalem.
  2. Maundy Thursday: Observes the Last Supper of Jesus with his disciples.
  3. Good Friday: Marks the crucifixion and death of Jesus.
  4. Holy Saturday: The day Jesus lay in the tomb.

Easter Sunday Celebrations

  1. Church Services: Christians attend special services that include readings from the Bible, hymns, and sermons reflecting on the resurrection.
  2. Easter Vigil: Many churches hold an Easter Vigil service on the night of Holy Saturday, which includes the lighting of the Paschal candle and the celebration of the Eucharist.
  3. Decorations: Churches and homes are often decorated with flowers, particularly lilies, which symbolize purity and resurrection.
  4. Easter Eggs: Symbolizing new life and rebirth, Easter eggs are often decorated and used in various traditions such as Easter egg hunts.

Cultural Traditions

  1. Easter Eggs: Coloring and decorating eggs is a common tradition. Some cultures also have egg rolling competitions and Easter egg hunts.
  2. Easter Bunny: The Easter Bunny is a popular folkloric figure that delivers Easter eggs to children. This tradition likely has roots in pre-Christian fertility lore.
  3. Easter Parades: Many cities hold Easter parades featuring people in elaborate costumes and bonnets.
  4. Easter Foods: Traditional foods vary by region but often include lamb, ham, and special breads like hot cross buns.

Global Observances

  • United States: Easter is celebrated with church services, family gatherings, and activities such as egg hunts and parades.
  • United Kingdom: Traditions include church services, the exchange of chocolate eggs, and special meals.
  • Germany: Features the Osterhase (Easter Hare) and bonfires, as well as decorating eggs and hiding them for children to find.
  • Italy: Easter is marked by processions, special Masses, and festive foods like lamb and Colomba (a dove-shaped cake).
  • Spain: Semana Santa (Holy Week) processions are elaborate, with religious floats and participants in traditional attire.
  • Australia: Includes church services, family meals, and the Easter Bilby as a native alternative to the Easter Bunny.

Significance in Christianity

  1. Resurrection and Redemption: Easter celebrates the central tenet of Christianity: Jesus’ resurrection, which signifies the redemption of humanity.
  2. Hope and Renewal: It embodies themes of hope, renewal, and new beginnings, resonating with the spring season in the Northern Hemisphere.
  3. Liturgical Importance: Easter is the culmination of the liturgical year in Christianity, often referred to as the "feast of feasts."


Easter is a deeply significant and joyous celebration in Christianity, marked by religious observances, cultural traditions, and family activities. It commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ, symbolizing hope, renewal, and the promise of eternal life. Through church services, festive customs, and special meals, Christians around the world come together to celebrate this cornerstone event of their faith.